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Monday, August 16, 2010

Dua for Suhoor and Iftar

Though, i think I got late in posting this, but we've still got most of Ramadan in front of us.

Note that the dua which is most common among the people isn't actually the most authentic one!
Dua for Suhoor?
The intention (niyyah) is an action of the heart. The Muslim should resolve in his heart that he is going to fast tomorrow. It is not prescribed for him to utter it out loud and say, "I intend to fast" or "I will fast tomorrow" or other phrases that have been innovated by some people. The correct intention is when a person resolves in his heart that he is going to fast tomorrow.

With regard to sahoor, there is no specific du`aa' to be said at this time. What is prescribed is to say Bismillah at the beginning and to praise Him when one stops eating, as should be done at every meal.
But the one who delays his sahoor until the last third of the night also catches up with the time of the divine descent, and this is a time when du`aa's are answered.

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Our Lord, may He be blessed and exalted, comes down to the lowest heaven every night when the last third of the night is left, and He says: "Who will call upon Me, that I may answer him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will ask Me for forgiveness, that I may forgive him?"" Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1094) and Muslim (758). So he should say du`aa' at this time because it is a time when du`aa' is answered, not because of sahoor.

With regard to the intention, the site thereof is the heart, and it is not prescribed to utter it out loud. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: "Whoever thinks in his heart that he will fast tomorrow has formed the intention.

Dua for Iftar

dhahabadh-dhama'u wab-tallatil 'uruuqi, wa thabatal arju inshaAllah

Allaahumma inni as�aluka birahmatika al-lati wasi'at kulli shay�in an taghfira li
`Umar said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say when breaking his fast: "Dhahaba al-zama' wa abtalat al-'urooq wa thabata al-ajr in sha Allaah (Thirst is gone, the veins are moistened and the reward is certain if Allaah wills)." Narrated by Abu Dawood, 2357; al-Daaraqutni, 25. Ibn Hajar said in al-Talkhees al-Habeer (2/202): al-Daaraqutni said, its isnaad is saheeh.

The du`aa' "Allaahumma laka sumtu wa `ala rizqika aftartu (O Allaah, for You have I fasted and by Your provision I have broken my fast)" was narrated by Abu Dawood, 2358. It is a mursal hadeeth so it is da`eef (weak) . Al-Albaani classed it as da`eef in ben dawwad (510) 

Dua for breaking a fast at a friend's house

Aftara 'indakumus saa'imuna, wa akala ta'aamakumul-abraaru, wasallat 'alaikumul mala'ikat
Dua of the Guest for the Host
اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَهُمْ فِيمَا رَزَقْتَهُمْ ، وَاغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَارْحَمْهُمْ
Allahumma barik lahum feema razaqtahum, waghfir lahum, war hamhum
O Allah!  Bless them in what You have provided for them, and forgive them and have Mercy on them.
[Muslim; 3:1615] 

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