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Wednesday, January 7, 2009

Fasting on Ashura (in Muharram)

Fasting on the the days of Ashura is a highly recommended (though not obligatory) act as the following ahadith prove.

Vol 2, Book 26. Pilgrimmage (Hajj).
Hadith 662. (Sahih Bukhari)

Narrated By 'Aisha: The people used to fast on 'Ashura (the tenth day of the month of Muharram) before the fasting of Ramadan was made obligatory. And on that day the Ka'ba used to be covered with a cover. When Allah made the fasting of the month of Ramadan compulsory, Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever wishes to fast (on the day of 'Ashura') may do so; and whoever wishes to leave it can do so."

Vol 4, Book 55. Prophets.
Hadith 609. (Sahih Bukhari)

Narrated By Ibn 'Abbas: When the Prophet came to Medina, he found (the Jews) fasting on the day of 'Ashura' (i.e. 10th of Muharram). They used to say: "This is a great day on which Allah saved Moses and drowned the folk of Pharaoh. Moses observed the fast on this day, as a sign of gratitude to Allah." The Prophet said, "I am closer to Moses than they." So, he observed the fast (on that day) and ordered the Muslims to fast on it.

Vol 5, Book 58. Merits Of The Helpers In Madinah
Hadith 278. (Sahih Bukhari)

Narrated By Abu Musa: When the Prophet arrived at Medina, he noticed that some people among the Jews used to respect Ashura' (i.e. 10th of Muharram) and fast on it. The Prophet then said, "We have more right to observe fast on this day." and ordered that fasting should be observed on it.

Vol 6, Book 60. Prophetic Commentary On The Qur'an
Hadith 202. (Sahih Bukhari)

Narrated By Ibn Abbas: When the Prophet arrived at Medina, the Jews were observing the fast on 'Ashura' (10th of Muharram) and they said, "This is the day when Moses became victorious over Pharaoh," On that, the Prophet said to his companions, "You (Muslims) have more right to celebrate Moses' victory than they have, so observe the fast on this day."

Book 6. Fasting.
Hadith 2612. (Sahih Muslim)

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported that he (the Messenger of Allah) was asked as to which prayer was most excellent after the prescribed prayer, and which fast was most excellent after the month of Ramadan. He said: Prayer offered in the middle of the night and the most excellent fast after (fasting) in the month of Ramadan is the fast in God's month al-Muharram.

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